A question about the tafseer of the aayah: (say if Allah had begotten a son, I am the first of worshippers)

A question about the tafseer of the aayah: (say if Allah had begotten a son, I am the first of worshippers)
Question Number: 3100

Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds, and prayers and peace be upon the prophet the chosen one afterwards I want to ask the scholars concerning the interpretation of the words of Allah “say if Allah had begotten a son, I am the first of worshippers” [suuratu zukhruf]
What is the meaning of this aayah? May Allah bless you.
Questioner: Allahu akbar deenullohi ghaalib

In the name of Allah the Merciful Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds May Allah bless our Holy Prophet And his family and companions
And after: The scholars have differed on the meaning of this aayah and this difference in its entirety is due to the difference in the interpretation of {in (if)} in that aayah where some scholars said the “in” is a conditional and some of them said that it is negational. All these opinions have been mentioned by Ibn Jarir in his tafseer and we would narrate what he said in summary:
the statement in the interpretation of the word of Allah: {“say if Allah had begotten a son, I am the first of worshippers” (81) Glory be to the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Lord of the Arsh of what they describe (82)}
The people of ta’aweel (tafseer) differed concerning the interpretation of the saying: “say if Allah had begotten a son, I am the first of worshippers”
1 – Some of them said in the meaning of this: Say O Muhammad, if for there were for Allah a son, as you claim oh you idol worshippers, then, I’m the first to believe in Allah and reject and disbelieve you and what you claim that Allah has a son.
Reported from Mujahid (Say if Allah had begotten a son) as you say (I am the first of worshippers) believers in Allah, then say what you like.

From Ibn Abi Najih, from Mujahid, in his saying: (I am the first of worshippers) he said: Say if Allah had begotten a son as you claim, then I’m the first to worship Allah, declare his unity and disbelieve in you.

2 – and others said, but the meaning of the aayah is that: there is no son for Allah and I am the first to worship him as such.
From Ibn Abbas, his saying: (say if Allah had begotten a son, I am the first of worshippers) says: there is no son for Allah at all and I’m the first to testify as such.

3 – and others said, but the meaning of that ‘in’ is denial and negational and the interpretation of that aayah would be: ‘that was not and it is impossible to be’.

4 – and others said: the meaning of “in” in this place, means reward, they said: and the interpretation of the speech is: if Allah had begotten a son, I would be the first to worship him with that.

5 – and others said: The meaning of the aayah is: Say if Allah had gotten a son, I am the first to reject that, and they took the meaning of Aabideen to mean Denial, which is a correct statement linguistically in the Arabic language.

And Ibn Jereer also said: Haarun told me and Yuunus informed me from Hasan who said: four ‘in’ (if) are in the Qur’an [but they mean No]
().
The great scholar Muhammad Al-Ameen Shinqeeti summed up these statements in Adwaaul bayaan, he said:

(the scholars have differed on the meaning of the {in} in this verse, a group of scholars said that it is a conditional, and this opinion was favored by more than one and among those who chose this opinion was Ibn Jarir al- Tabari, those who said it is a conditional also differed in the meaning of the part: “I am the first of worshippers”. Some of them said: I would be the first to worship that son. Some of them said: I would be the first to worship Allah because of the fact that he has a son. Some of them said: It means I would be the first to worship Allah definitely because it is not possible for Allah to have a son.

And other groups said: The word {In} in the aayah is negational therefore the meaning of the last part “I would be the first of worshippers” has three possibilities:

The first, which is the nearest: meaning that I am the first to worship Allah and clear him from the son and all things that do not befit his majesty.

The second is that the meaning of the saying: {I am the first of Aabideen}: means rejecters and not worshippers i.e rejecter of the false claim against Allah which is that he has a son.
And the Arabs do say: Abida, Ya’abad to mean he strongly rejects and a similar example is from the words of Farazdaq:

{the Sheikh cited some lines of poems from a classical ancient arab poet}

The third: that the meaning of {I’m the first of Aabideen}i.e those who oppose and reject that Almighty Allah has a son.
Then, he may Allah have mercy on him authenticated the idea that {In} in the aayah means denial and he said:
What seems apparent to me about the meaning of this glorious aayah is that: it is clear that {In (if)} in this aayah is negational, and saying that it is a conditional can not be true, according to the standard of the Arabic language with which the Quran was revealed, even though some great scholars have said it.

And Allah knows best. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds

Answered by a member of the Shareeah Committee:

Sheikh Abul Mundhir As-Shinqeeti.

source: http://tawhed.ws/FAQ/display_question?qid=3100&pageqa=1&i=3

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We which to make all our Yoruba people Salafi Muslims
This entry was posted in Aqeedah, Fiqh, General, on islamic jurispudence. Bookmark the permalink.

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