Ruling on specifying Ali with the saying “Karamo llohu wajhahu”
Author: Sulayman bin Naasir al-Alwan
Questioner: Sheikh Sulayman bin Naasir al-Alwan.
Allah is a witness to my love for you, and I have a problematic question to write to you: I read in a lot of books the forbidding of specifying the Ameerul Mu’mineen Ali ibn Abi Talib, with words like Karamo llohu wajhahu [meaning Allah honoured his face], but I did not understand the reason or evidence for this prevention?
And you are from the people of Knowledge and we are confident of your answer so we seek a clarification for that?
In the name of Allah the Merciful may Allah for whose reason you love me love you as well.
My words regarding your question – may Allah bless you-:
The allocation of the word Karamallohu waj’hahu for the commander of the Faithful Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him has no legitimate justification and was not among the deeds of the Imams of guidance and the people of knowledge concerned with the Sunnah and guarding it.
This statement was popularized among the latecomers and in the expressions of the Raafidah and ignorant people.
And the meaning of that is that he never worshiped an idol, and this is not special to Ali alone may Allah be pleased with him with the exception of others, Zayd bin Amr bin Nufayl the Haneef the Muwahhid, it is not established that he ever worshiped an idol and he died before the mission of the Prophet peace be upon him, and his story is famous in Bukhari – 3826 – and others, and the Prophet peace be upon him said about him:
((he will come on the Day of Resurrection as a nation on his own))
[Narrated by Abu Ali 2/260] by way of Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Zinaad, from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father from Saeed Bin Zayd and the isnaad (chain of narration) is good.
And a group of the companions who accepted Islam, it is not proven about them that they worshiped idols, and the companions who were born in Islam such as Ibn al-Zubayr, al- Nu’man bin Bashir and a group, they never bowed down to an idol never!.
So, specifying Ali may Allah be pleased with him with that, with the exception of other companions, is a nonsense and inventing in the religion. And I believe that this customization is from the plots of the Raafidah against the three guided Khaleefs, because they, in their understanding are idolaters and are not considered among the Muslims!!!.
Ar-Radawi the Raafidee said:
(part of that which no two people on the surface of the earth differ in is that the three who are at the forefront of companions – I mean, Abu Bakr, Omar and Othman – were idolaters, until they breathed the last breath of life)
[Book: Kadhabu ala Sheeah p 223]
And they said about Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him: (he was praying behind the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him while hanging an idol on his neck that he worships).
And they said about Omar the Faaruuq may Allah be pleased with him: (His Kufr is equal to the Kufr of Iblees (devil), if not stronger).
They said about Uthman, may Allah be pleased with him:
(He was in the time of the Prophet, peace be upon him, among those who manifested Islam and hid hypocrisy).
This is a little bit of the believes of the Raafidah about the Imams, companions and forefront leaders and then you would realize the secret in specializing Ali bin Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him with “Karamo llohu wajhahu.”
And you know the nature of the people of desires and misguidance in promoting their innovations, and misguidance and transmission of doubts amongst Ahlu Sunnah, the Shiites have used the praising of the commander of the faithful Ali, may Allah be pleased with him as a ladder to criticize the orthodox Khaleefs and the rightly guided Imams.
And this Bid’ah has been amplified and widespread in many books. But the foundation originally is to balance between the companions as regards that and not to specify one at the expense of another.
Any description that seems to glorify Ali may Allah be pleased with him, Abu Bakr, Omar and Uthmaan are more deserving to it than him, because they are the most honoured people after the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, and it is upon this that the people of Sunnah have agreed.
And al-Bukhari has narrated in his Saheeh – #3655 – by way of Yahya ibn Said from Nafi from Ibn Umar may Allah be pleased with both of them, he said:
(We used to select the best among the people in the time of the Prophet peace be upon him, we do select Abu Bakr and then Omar ibn al-Khattab, then Uthman bin Affan, may Allah be pleased with them ).
And he also narrated it –3,697 – with another wording by the way of Ubaydulloh from Nafi from Ibn Umar may Allah be pleased with both of them, he said:
(During the time of the Prophet peace be upon him we do not equate anybody with Abu Bakr then Omar and then Othman, and then we leave alone the companions of the Prophet, peace be upon him without valuing one over the other).
There have been numerous reports from the commander of the faithful Ali, may Allah be pleased with him that the best people after the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him is Abu Bakr and then Omar
[see Sahih Bukhari -3671 – and Fadaailu Sahaabah (the virtues of the companions) by Imam Ahmad p.300-313].
Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar Asqallaani, Allah’s mercy be upon him said in his book Fat’h al-Baari [7/34]:
(there has already been an explanation of the difference of opinion as who of the two men is better after Abu Bakr and Umar: is it Uthman or Ali, and that consensus was held at last among the people of Sunnah that their ranking in virtues is the same as their ranking in succession may Allah be pleased with them all).
And Allah the Almighty knows best
[Written by / Sheikh Sulayman bin Naasir al-Alwan]