THE EMOTIONAL STORY OF “UMMU SALAMAH”.
Umm Salamah (ra) was also known as Hind. Her husband was Abdullah ibn Abd-ul-Asad and they both were among the first people to accept Islaam. Only Abu Bakr (ra) and a handful of others became Muslims before them. As soon as the news of their embracing Islaam spread, the Quraysh reacted with frenzied anger. They began hounding and persecuting Umm Salamah (ra) and her husband. But they did not waiver or despair and remained steadfast in their new faith.
As their persecution became more and more intense, life in Makkah became unbearable for many of the new Muslims. The Messenger Muhammad (saw) therefore gave permission for them to migrate to Abyssinia. Umm Salamah (ra) and her husband were in the forefront of these Muhaajiroun (emigrants) , seekers of refuge in a strange land. For Umm Salamah (ra) it meant abandoning her spacious home and giving up the traditional ties of lineage and honour for something new, always hoping for the pleasure and reward of Allaah (swt). Despite the protection, Umm Salamah (ra) and her companions received from the Abyssinian ruler, the desire to return to Makkah in order to be near the Messenger Muhammad (saw) and the source of revelation and guidance persisted.
News eventually reached the Muhaajiroun that the number of Muslims in Makkah had increased. Among them were Hamzah ibn Abdul Muttalib (ra) and Umar ibn al-Khattaab (ra). Their faith had greatly strengthened the community and the Quraysh they heard, had eased the persecution somewhat. Thus a group of the Muhaajiroun urged on by a deep longing in their hearts, decided to return to Makkah. The easing of the persecution was but brief as the Muslims soon found out. The dramatic increase in the number of Muslims following the acceptance of Islaam by Hamzah and Umar (ra) only infuriated the Quraysh even more. They intensified their persecution and torture to a pitch and intensity not known before. So the Messenger Muhammad (saw) gave permission to his Companions to migrate to Madeenah..
Umm Salamah (ra) and her husband were not at ease as they had imagined. In fact, it was a bitter and painful experience and a particularly harrowing one for her. As she herself told:
“When Abu Salamah (my husband) decided to leave for Madeenah, he prepared a camel for me, hoisted me on it and placed our son Salamah on my lap. My husband then took the lead and went on without stopping or waiting for anything. Before we were out of Makkah however, some men from my clan stopped us and said to my husband: ‘Though you are free to do what you like with yourself, you have no power over your wife. She is our daughter. Do you expect us to allow you to take her away from us?’ They then pounced on him and snatched me away from him. My husband’s clan, Banu Abd-al Asad saw them taking both my child and me. They became hot with rage. ‘No! By Allaah’, they shouted, ‘we shall not abandon the boy. He is our son and we have first claim over him.’ They took him by the hand and pulled him away from me. Suddenly in the space of a few moments, I found myself alone and lonely. My husband headed for Madeenah by himself and his clan had snatched my son away from me. My own clan, Banu Makhzum, overpowered me and forced me to stay with them. From the day when my husband and my son were separated from me, I went out at noon every day to that valley and sat at the spot where this tragedy occurred. I would recall those terrible moments and weep until night fell on me. I continued like this for a year or so until one day a man from the Banu Umayyah passed by and saw my condition. He went back to my clan and said, ‘Why don’t you free this poor woman? You have caused her husband and son to be taken away from her.’ He went on trying to soften their heart and play on their emotions. At last they said to me, ‘go and join your husband if you wish’. But how could I join my husband in Madeenah and leave my son, a piece of my own flesh and blood, in Makkah among the Banu Abd- al-Asad? How could I be free from tears not knowing anything of my young son left behind in Makkah?
Somehow they realised what I was going through and their hearts went out to me. They petitioned the Banu Abd-ul- Asad on my behalf and moved them to return my son. I did not now even want to linger in Makkah until I found someone to travel with me, as I was afraid that something might happen that would delay or prevent me from reaching my husband. So I promptly got my camel ready, placed my son on my lap and left in the direction of Madeenah. I had just about reached Tan’im (about three miles from Makkah) when I met Uthmaan ibn Talhah. (He was a keeper of the Ka’bah in pre-Islamic times and was not yet a Muslim). ‘Where are you going, Bint Zad ar-Rakib?’ he asked. ‘I am going to my husband in Madeenah.’ ‘And there isn’t anyone with you?’ ‘No by Allaah, except Allaah and my little boy here.’ ‘By Allaah, I shall never abandon you until you reach Madeenah’, he vowed. He then took the reins of my camel and led us on. I have, by Allaah, never met an Arab more generous and noble than he. When we reached a resting place, he would make my camel kneel down, wait until I dismounted, lead the camel to a tree and tether it. He would then go to the shade of another tree. When we had rested he would get the camel ready and lead us on. This he did every day until we reached Madeenah. When we got to a village near Quba (about two miles from Madeenah) belonging to Banu Amr ibn Awf, he said, ‘your husband is in this village. Enter it with the blessings of Allaah.’ He turned back and headed for Makkah.”
Their roads finally meeting after the long separation, Umm Salamah (ra) was overjoyed to see her husband and he was delighted to see his wife and son. Great and momentous events followed one after the other. There was the Battle of Badr in which Abu Salamah fought. The Muslims returned victorious and strengthened. Then there was the Battle of Uhud in which the Muslims were sorely tested. Abu Salamah came out of this wounded very badly. He appeared at first to respond well to treatment, but his wounds never failed to heal completely and he remained bedridden. Once while Umm Salamah (ra) was nursing him, he said to her, “I heard the Messenger of Allaah (saw) saying that whenever a calamity afflicts anyone he should say, ‘Surely from Allaah we are and to Him we shall certainly return.’ And he would pray, ‘O Lord, give me in return something good from it which only You, Exalted and Mighty can give.”
Abu Salamah remained sick in bed for several days. One morning the Messenger Muhammad (saw) came to see him. The visit was longer than usual. While Muhammad (saw) was still at his bedside Abu Salamah (ra) passed away. With his blessed hands, the Messenger of Allah (saw) closed the eyes of his dead companion. He then raised these hands to the heavens and prayed: ‘O Lord, grant forgiveness to Abu Salamah. Elevate him among those who are near to you. Take charge of his family at all times. Forgive us and him, O Lord of the Worlds. Widen his grave and make it light for him.’
Umm Salamah (ra) remembered the prayer her husband had quoted on his deathbed from the Messenger Muhammad (saw) and began repeating it, ‘O Lord, with you I leave this my plight for consideration…’ But she could not bring herself to continue… ‘O Lord give me something good from it’, because she kept asking herself, ‘Who could be better than Abu Salamah?’ But it did not take long before she completed the supplication. The Muslims were greatly saddened by the plight of Umm Salamah (ra). She became known as ‘Ayyin al-Arab’, the one who had lost her husband. She had no one in Madeenah of her own except her small children, like a hen without feathers. Both the Muhaajiroun and Ansaar felt they had a duty to Umm Salamah (ra). When she had completed the ‘Iddah (the waiting period of three months and ten days), Abu Bakr (ra) proposed marriage to her but she refused. Then Umar ibn al-Khattaab (ra) asked to marry her but she also declined the proposal. The Messenger Muhammad (saw) then approached her and she replied, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, I have three characteristics. I am a woman who is extremely jealous and I am afraid that you will see in me something that will anger you and cause Allaah to punish me. I am a woman who is already advanced in age and I am a woman who has a young family.’ The Messenger Muhammad (saw) replied, ‘regarding the jealousy you mention, I pray to Allaah the Almighty to let it go away from you. Regarding the question of age you have mentioned, I am afflicted with the same problem as you. Regarding the dependent family you have mentioned, your family is my family’. They were married and so it was that Allaah (swt) answered the prayer of Umm Salamah (ra) and gave her better than Abu Salamah. From that day on Hind al Makhzumiyyah was no longer the mother of Salamah alone, but became the Mother of all Believers, Umm al-Mu’mineen.